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Web frontend development trends

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We’ll see new opportunities and more structure from new web standards, as well as some turbulence in the JavaScript space. Overall, the message is clear: web development skills are still as important as ever.

Continued turbulence

The JavaScript client-side framework and library space is constantly changing. While UI frameworks and libraries such as React, Vue and Angular have grown more stable, the market will continue to evolve. In supporting libraries – for purposes such as state management – there are multiple options to choose from, and new contenders are likely to keep popping up.

WebAssembly (Wasm)

WebAssembly is probably the most talked about trend on the web. While its adaptation is still in its early stages, it is already seeing use in production.

WebAssembly both enables running code faster in the browser (e.g. in machine learning and video processing applications), and expands the technologies that can be used for web development (e.g. Blazor and Yew).

WASI (WebAssembly System Interface) makes it possible to run Wasm code outside the browser (e.g. on edge devices like Lucet).

Web standards

Standardization and adaptation of new web features will continue and make the web an increasingly powerful platform.

Web components will grow more mature and gain more popularity, with libraries such as LitElement, Stencil and FAST showing the way. Early adopters include household names such as Apple Music, Adobe, SpaceX, Tesla and Microsoft.

Web APIs like the Payment Request API enable players like Google and Apple to integrate web applications natively into their platform, leading to a maturing Progressive Web Application ecosystem.

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